Ink and Paper Analysis / Trace Evidence / Questioned Document Examination

USk Symposium Meet the Correspondent: I don’t feel comfortable when I leave home without a sketchbook and some pens in my bag. I think that my way to put things in my memory is to draw them. And taking pictures isn’t the same thing. I live in a very dynamic surrounding — Israel is a warm country with warm weather and warm people. Of course, we have seashores, which calm us a little bit. I love to sit in a corner of some Tel-Aviv coffee shop and explore relationships: All this unique local mix of cultures, languages and styles is always a great source for inspiration. You need to be fast, because, as I said, everything is very dynamic.

A.T. Cross Writing Instruments & Refills

It seems to me that fountain pens are a very personal thing, and one person’s taste won’t always match that of another. Subject to that caveat, I have tried many pens, and the smoothest in my experience that are still reasonably affordable are: If you’re looking for something genuinely vintage, you can find Parker 51s on eBay all day for about bfifty US dollars or so.

Extracts of ball pen ink were prepared by cutting line marks and analyzing the ink components at predetermined time intervals. For this purpose, the paper and ink sample was placed in a glass beaker to which mL of acetonitrile was added.

We explore what ink drawing has to offer, and share tips for getting started with this versatile medium. Shares Learning how to draw with ink very different from mastering pencil drawing. The most obvious difference is that you can no longer rely on your eraser — make a mistake in ink, and you’ll have to find another way to rectify it. Don’t let that put you off, though. Ink drawing can be an incredibly creative process. In this article I’ll explain how to get started with ink drawing, from choosing the right equipment and materials, to mastering different techniques.

Use the right grip Grip the pen close to the tip and keep the angle of the pen at about 45 degrees. Strokes generally start close to your body and move outward. Use your arm and shoulder, not just your wrist. Practise making marks Develop your strokes with ink drawing tools Take time to develop your dexterity in pen handling by doing exercises.

Practise creating sweeping strokes, bold lines, crisp dashes, delicate dots, curves and straight lines. Make sure you’re able to do each of these vertically, horizontally and on a diagonal. Consider composition Traditional pen and ink consists of working with black ink on plain paper, and creating space through thick or thin lines and repeating marks for texture. You want to start with the focal point of your design, and work your way back and out to the less important elements.

Waterman pens

Metal nibs have their origins as far back as ancient Egypt and were made of metals like copper and bronze. However, the quality of writing that could be achieved with these pens was inferior to that of reed pens. Metallic nibs were made up through the 18th-century as one-off, craftsman-made luxury items.

The Vintage Pens Website was launched at the beginning of , bringing online over ten years of experience in fountain pen collecting, dealing, and scholarship. Our illustrated website catalog is updated day by day, with up to new items added each month.

History[ edit ] Lewis Edson Waterman’s entry into fountain pen manufacturing has only recently been properly researched. Waterman was working as a pen salesman in New York for a new company founded in the spring of by a volatile inventor named Frank Holland. Holland abandoned his company after only six weeks; Waterman stepped in and took over, fitting the pens with a simplified feed of his own design. Despite later company literature that depicts Lewis E. Waterman as a golden-hearted innocent, all evidence indicates that he was a tough, savvy, and innovative businessman.

In the L. Waterman company developed the “spoon Feed” system which prevented overflow of ink, which also led to the company receiving the gold medal of excellence at the “Exposition Universelle” in Paris in Waterman’s death in that the company took off. Under the leadership of Waterman’s nephew, Frank D.

The Captain’s Cabin

Antique Ink Bottles An ink bottle was made of glass and typically sat on a desk. The writer would dip the pen or quill into the bottle to put more ink on the pen. Because they set on a desk, ink bottles were often decorative. Ink wells as opposed to “ink bottles” were typically metal with a glass insert, often ornate, and sat on a desk. The larger master ink pint or quart size was used to store ink and refill the smaller ink wells.

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North Carolina Areas of Expertise: Lyter provides consultation, examination, training, research and testimony in matters of forensic science, including ink and paper analysis, trace evidence, and questioned document examination. California Areas of Expertise: Fisher Forensic Document Laboratory, Inc. Clients who utilize the Laboratory’s New York Areas of Expertise: Document examinations are provided in

Ink Dating Expert Witnesses

Legacy and Legacy 2 Legacy Heritage Intrigue Valor current The inlaid nib is a distinctive Sheaffer design; no other manufacturer has used it in the same way or on nearly as many pens. Sheaffer Today In , Sheaffer was acquited by Bic yes, that Bic, the maker of disposable ballpoints. Bic began moving operations overseas.

Welcome to my ink bottle website. It is the most complete website in the world offering vintage ink bottles and original inks from most any manufacturer you can imagine. I ship worldwide, and have recently added nearly new inks from all over the world.

Renaissance Pen and Ink Drawings During the Renaissance era, stylus, metalpoint and pen with ink were considered as fine line media as opposed to the broad line of charcoal and chalks. According to the Libro dell’Arte, the practical manual written by the early Renaissance master Cennino Cennini c. Ink was permanent once applied to paper so errors could not be erased, except by careful scraping.

The most common ink in High Renaissance Italy was made from iron gall. It’s principal components, gall nuts, were rich in resin and tannic acid. When soaked in water or wine, strained, and then mixed with iron sulphates and gum arabic, the result was a liquid black ink ideal for drawing. However, over time, iron gall ink fades so that although the ink in most Renaissance drawings is now brown it would originally have been much blacker.

Ink was generally applied to paper with a quill pen. The resulting line could be anything from very thin to very broad. This line spectrum is illustrated by comparing drawings by the brothers Gentile Bellini and Giovanni Bellini.

Fountain Pen Guide Series, Session 1: Nibs, Feeds, and How They Come Together

Click on the image for a larger view! The colours of the Vacumatic Parker 51’s and the Aerometric Parker 51’s. The Parker “51” took eleven years to develope but Parker sold over 20 million pens during more than 30 years! Parker spent the same amount in dollars to promote the pen, but in reached million dollars in sales. A pretty good investment, eh? It was named the Parker “51” because Parker felt that they needed a name that wouldn’t be hard to pronounce in any country and also easy to remember.

The dating of questioned document is a firmest problem for forensic experts. The current work is focused on the study of the dating of ink samples by using spectrophotometry technique and multiple.

Hallmarks and other markings 4. Date codes on Parker Pens Updated Oct In mid Parker began marking most pens and pencils with a date code, both the barrel and the nibs were marked, but lacking a date code doesn’t necessarily mean that the pen was made pre , since many imprints have been worn off with use. The first date codes, found for example on the Vacumatics, consists of two digits, the first one denoting the quarter of production, the second denoting the production year.

Hence a “47” marking on a ‘s pen indicate that the pen was produced in the fourth quarter of , not , which is a common misconception. In the second quarter of this system was however changed to save production time, and a new date code, using a system of dots, was adopted. The stamp initially had three dots and for each quarter one dot was filed down leaving none for the fourth quarter.

Since production was overlapping examples exist with either the imprint 28 or. Also, since this coding system extended over a decade, a pen marked 38 could be produced the third quarter either in or In a new system for the date coding was introduced where the two digits only indicated the year, not the quarter hence “50” means made in , this system was used in the US until and in Canada a few years longer..

Varieties and Types of Pens

Montblanc is the company pen lovers love to hate. History I’ll get around to writing some. This has not been particularly effective. In general, all Montblancs made after should have a serial number, but remember that there are still a considerable number of used pens that date from before that, so lack of a serial number may mean only that it is an older pen. The font of the serial number has changed at least once; the early ons such as my MB is block-lettered, while current ones use a font that resembles the computer-readable numbers in a personal check.

I am not sure when the switch occurred.

Refillable, Fountain Pen Ink Cartridge, International Standard Cartridge A great old German brand dating back to , Kaweco has been brought back in recent years by the highly experienced and enthusiastic pen makers H&M Gutberlet.

The Apogee line of writing instruments is absolutely capturing. A true American classic. Bases made of marble and onyx. Dress up your Desk or Office with a single or double set desk set. It perfectly combines the art of the jeweler with the most advanced technology to found in a modern writing instrument. There is nothing as much anticipated then the full functioning sophistication. Comes in Platinum, Merlot and Selenium Blue finishes. Pens at a Glance More than just a pen manufacturer.

This company, founded by Alonzo Townsend Cross in , is full of rich history.

How To Set The Time And Date On The Pen Spy Camera

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